EASA 6th Biennial
This workshop will explore the relations between European countries and their diasporas as a means of understanding how European nations conceive themselves in practice. This involves ethnographic exploration of the internal fault lines in national identity. At what point does self become other and on what conditions may other become self again? We seek to explore the zone where the criteria of membership are hardest to decide - legally, culturally, linguistically, genealogically - and thus where those involved are likely to produce the most revealing formulations of nationality.
Expatriots are sometimes embraced as indubitable members of the nation while at other moments the very same people can be excluded or considered to have lost cultural competence. The aim of this panel is to capture the complexities of these interactions and classifications as a means of understanding how a given nation understands itself for itself. Contributors may address a wide variety of different issues and contexts in exploring the relations between homelands and their diasporas. Are there folk theories of creolisation (physical or cultural change in new climatic conditions) or discourses on the effects of mixed marriages? Do legal statutes reflect the issues popularly deemed to be most important? How do religion, race, and colonial relations affect cultural integration and diaspora marital strategies? What is the role of education?
These questions can be studied in diaspora and equally in the homeland. Are expatriots still full members of an 'original' national culture? Can/should they be welcomed back and given citizenship? And what happens when they do return? Do diasporas perpetuate claims on 'ancestral' lands outside modern national borders? What sorts of educational programmes or absorption centres are set up for returnees? Focusing on Europe and its diasporas, the workshop aims to provide new insights on European nationalism in an era of globalisation and European integration.
Religious-cum-political groups and networks which are dispersed across the borders of nation-states - or indeed, scattered globally - have in recent times developed their agendas in arguably new and distinct ways. The adoption of diverse modes of communication (including electronic and computer-mediated forms), the changing nature and manipulation of resources (channelling people, funds and information to and from a number of localities), and the maintenance of various kinds of relationships in relation to encompassing social and political contexts (including ties with homeland / settlement land / and elsewhere in the world) are among the factors characterizing many politico-religious movements as diasporic or transnational.
The processes of globalisation and transnationalisation are drawing anthropologists' attention back to the state, especially in terms of nations and nationalism, government bureaucracies, and state power, policy and praxis. The modern and post-modern forces which sometimes support state structures and actions, and sometimes subvert them, are often clearly delineated in the borderlands between states in those zones which stretch away in varying depths from the borderlines which mark the territorial limits to state sovereignty. Anthropologists are increasingly focusing on the social and cultural aspects to state programmes and institutions at and across international borders, as one way to assess, as has been hotly debated in our cognate disciplines, whether the contemporary state is becoming stronger, weaker, or just different. This panel will include papers on anthropological approaches to nationalism and the state as they are constructed in state borderlands, and in the everyday lives of borderland peoples and communities.
Name 1. A European Association of Social Anthropologists (Association Europèenne des Anthropologues Sociaux) (EASA), is hereby established.
Aims 2. The aims of the association are (a) to form a European professional body of scholars in soc ial anthropology, and (b) to encourage the understanding and development of social anthropology through professional communication and co-operation. The term social anthropology should be taken to i nclude social and cultural anthropology and ethnology, as these have developed in Europe.
Membership 3. The association will include four categories of members: (a) founder members; (b) ord inary members; (c) honorary members; and (d) associate members. (a) The founder members are those w ho attended the inaugural general assembly on Saturday, 14th January, 1989 by invitation. Founder m embers are to be treated as ordinary members of the association. (b) Ordinary members are social an thropologists who have been admitted to membership by decision of the executive committee. An appli cant for ordinary membership may be nominated by any member of the association. Nominations should be communicated to the secretary, and must be signed by the candidate and sponsor. A decision regar ding membership is taken by the executive committee. (c) Honorary members are distinguished scholars who are designated honorary members by decision of the executive committee. The executive committee m
Eligibility for membership 4. Eligibility for ordinary membership of the association shall be based on one of the following criteria: (a) Possession of a doctoral degree (or equivalent) in social anthropology from a European university; or (b) Possession of a teaching or research post in social a nthropology (as recognised by the association), which is at a European university or institution of equivalent standing. Associate membership should be open to those who can show evidence of substantial and active involvement in the pursuit of social anthropology as a scholarly subject in a European country.
Rights and duties of members 5. Members will have rights and duties as determined by the executive committee. Ordinary members (including founding members) and honorary members have the right to receive publications, to attend conferences, to speak and vote at meetings of the forum of members, to participate in elections to the executive committee, and to receive information regarding the activities of the association. Associate members will not participate in elections, and do not have the right to speak at the forum of members. They will receive publications and may attend conferences. Members (except for honorary members) will be required to pay the annual subscription, which will be set from time to time by the executive committee. Any member who does not pay a subscription for two consecutive years shall, after enquiry by the secretary and with the approval of the committee , be
Forum of members 6. There will be a forum of members, which will debate the general direction of ac tivities of the association. Attendance at the forum will be open to all members of the association , but associate members will not have the right to speak or vote at meetings of the forum. It will meet at least once every three years, or more frequently as determined by the executive committee. Its quorum is to consist of twenty members.
Executive committee 7. The members will elect, by postal ballot, an executive committee of five per sons. The executive committee may co-opt up to two further members. Members of the executive commit tee should be elected for two years renewable for a further two years, to a maximum of four years. Nominations for election to the executive committee will be invited whenever a vacancy may occur, a nd otherwise every two years. Nominations may be submitted by any member, and should be directed to the secretary. Each nomination should be supported by at least two members and must be agreed by the candidate. The executive committee will elect from their number a chairperson, a vice-chairperso n and a secretary. The executive committee will also elect a treasurer, who need not be a member of the association. The chairperson should act for a period of no more than two years.
Chairperson to represent association 8. The chairperson will be empowered to act on behalf of the a ssociation. Procedure of executive committee 9. The executive committee will meet at least once a year, and wil l decide its own rules of procedure (Rîglement intèrieur).
Constitutional changes 10. Constitutional changes may be proposed by any member of the association. Such proposals should be submitted to the secretary. If at least five members of the association signify their support for a proposed change, the secretary will circulate the proposals to the membe rs for a postal vote. Changes in the constitution must be approved by at least a majority of the me mbership.