Fourth International Metropolis Conference
December 8-11, 1999
The Metropolis Project
The Metropolis Project creates opportunities for discussion among government decision-makers, researchers, and non-governmental agents on ways of improving policies and programs for effectively managing the impacts of immigration on life in our cities. Metropolis fosters exchanges that go beyond the stating of positions, beyond descriptions, and beyond advocacy. It provides unique opportunities for researchers, policy-makers, and other stake-holders who share a vision of improving society through collaboration and partnership to engage each other, to acknowledge problems openly and to work, unfettered, to solve them.
The Fourth Annual International Metropolis Conference
The Fourth Annual International Metropolis Conference will be held in Washington, D.C. from December 8-11, 1999 at the Georgetown University Conference Center. The conference will be sponsored by the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace in collaboration with the Metropolis International Secretariat housed at Citizenship and Immigration Canada in Ottawa. Building on the experiences of the first three conferences in Milan (1996), Copenhagen (1997) and Israel (1998), the Washington confernece aims to further intensify discussions amongst senior policy-makers and leading academics in the fields of immigration and diversity through their participation in interactive plenary sessions and highly-focused, results-oriented workshops.
The themes of the Conference are:
Who should attend:
The conference should be attended by researchers, policy-makers, and stakeholders working in the fields of immigration and diversity. It will provide a unique setting for stakeholders to engage each other, and will create opportunities for comparative international research and sustained expert discussion leading to the development of policies that better meet the challenges and take advantage of the opportunities presented by migration and the diversity that it produces.
Registration fees include all breakfasts, lunches, two dinners (including the gala event on December 8), and admission to plenaries and workshops; prices are in U.S. dollars.
Through Oct. 29 Oct. 30-Dec. 3 On-Site
Government/Academia/Private Institution $275.00 $325.00 $350.00
Non-Governmental/Non-Profit/Student $125.00 $150.00 $175.00
Day Rate $110.00 $110.00 $110.00
Registration forms will be available September 1st, 1999. Contact Yasmin Santiago at the International Migration Policy Program, Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, fax: (202) 332-0945, E-mail firstname.lastname@example.org.
In the following pages you will find a preliminary overview of the conference. This information is also available on the Metropolis website atwww.international.metropolis.net or on the Carnegie Endowment's website at www.ceip.org. We encourage you to consult these sites periodically between now and the conference for up-to-date conference information. Please note that the full preliminary program will be ready in autumn.
If you require further information about this conference, please contact:
For further information about the Metropolis Project, please contact:
Each day of the conference will begin with a plenary session on one of the conference themes that will then be followed by a series of concurrent workshops.
Plenary sessions will allow participants to hear from leading academics, senior government ministers, mayors of global cities, and from the heads of major NGOs. Each session will feature a keynote speaker, a panel of international experts, and a discussion that will afford participants the opportunity to engage the speakers. The topics for the plenary sessions are:
(1) "Immigrants & the New Metropolis: Transnational Lives at Centurys End"
Transnationalism is one of the most significant analytical concepts to emerge in migration studies in recent years and it is spawning a vibrant new field of academic research. Speakers in this session will discuss the phenomenon of transnationalism, and its implications for our societies and for policy regarding the global economy, culture, citizenship, and integration.
Keynote Address: Alejandro Portes, Department of Sociology, Princeton University, United States
(2) "Housing, Cities and Addressing the Needs of Diverse PopulationsNew Thinking for a New Century"
Housing issues are inextricably linked to discussions of migration and integration policy. This session will focus on the central role that housing plays in rebuilding and maintaining robust inner citiesand thus on ways to confront the contemporary realities of how migration affects our cities and to discuss how public and private initiatives can best manage these issues effectively.
Keynote Address: The Honorable Andrew Cuomo (invited) Secretary, Housing & Urban Development, United States
(3) "Managing the New Metropolis"
Immigration has major implications for the management of cities, including the provision of social services such as heath and education, the social well-being of neighborhoods, employment, public safety, transportation, and even environmental protection. The panel will address the profound impact that migration has on city life and the challenges and opportunities that it poses for managing "global cities." It will also present examples of effective ways of meeting some of these challenges.
Keynote Address: The Honorable Rudolph Giuliani (invited) Mayor , City of New York, United States
(4) "Building Community in Multi-Ethnic Cities"
The interests of Metropolis lie in managing long term migration and its impacts. Helping immigrants to settle, ensuring that they are housed, that adults are employed, and that their children are enrolled in schools so that they can be the critical citizen-workers of the future is only part of a much bigger picture. The ultimate challenge is to build cohesive societies by encouraging immigrants and their children to become full, active members of their communities and the societies into which they are entering.
Keynote Address: Hillary Rodham Clinton (invited) First Lady, United States
(5) "Empowerment and Responsibility: The Role of the Non-governmental Sector"
Governments now widely accept the proposition that effective policy development cannot take place without engaging front line representatives of the affected people. Similarly, social scientists are coming to believe that, in many instances, research requires active participation by the people being studied and, in fact, ethical considerations often demand it. In both cases, non-governmental organizations play a crucial role in bridging cultures and linking communities of interest.
Keynote Address: Sid Mohn (invited) Executive Director, Heartland Alliance for Human Needs & Human Rights, Chicago, Illinois, and Chairman of Board, The National Forum, Washington, DC, United States
(6) "Back to the Basics: What Metropolis is About"
The final day is intended to underline the twin goals that drive Metropolis: (a) to influence a set of public policy issues that are critical to the well-being of our cities and their residents; and (b) to engage the best minds in the world to produce social science research from which effective policy proposals can be extracted. The day will begin with a session focusing on knowledge transfer and will be followed by a three part panel that attempts to draw together the work of the conference under its three main themes: (1) Building Community: Civil Society and Citizenship; (2) Neighborhood Development: Housing and Labor Markets; and (3) Governments and NGOs in Partnership. These latter sessions will see local agents exchange views with some of those who led the workshops and with members of the audience.
The Third International Metropolis Conference held in Israel in 1998 marked the introduction of a new format of highly-focused workshops intended to encourage deeper working discussions around issues important to those in the immigration and diversity fields. Building on the momentum of the Israel conference, 30 workshops will be held this year, incorporating the latest research and analysis from various parts of the world. They are organized with a view to not only dealing with significant issues but to strengthening links between policy-makers, academics, and NGOs by creating networks and initiating international, comparative policy-research projects.
The success of workshops depends on the contributions and active participation of interested policy-makers, academics, and NGO workers. We encourage those who wish to participate in or present at a specific workshop to contact the workshop organizers directly. Their E-mail addresses are included for this purpose. Short sketches of the workshop themes follow. More information will appear in the conference program that will be available in autumn. Information about the workshops can also be found on the Metropolis website at www.international.metropolis.net.
(1) Barriers to Employment Faced by Immigrants: An Inventory of Existing Barriers
Organizer: Claire Benjamin Ministère des relations avec les citoyens et de limmigration du Québec, Canada E-mail: email@example.com
Using an inventory of barriers and international policy responses to them, this workshop will ask, what interventions will allow policy-makers, researchers and NGOs to better address the barriers to employment faced by immigrants? Participants will design comparative research projects and create a policy-research network.
(2) Role of NGOs in Community Health Care Services for Immigrants and Refugees
Organizers: Wendy Kwong Janet Dench, City of Toronto Public Health, Canada Canadian Council for Refugees, Canada
E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org E-mail: email@example.com
What challenges does the linguistic and cultural diversity of immigrant and refugee clients present to community health care providers? Discussions will include issues of access and equity, cultural interpretation, the special case of tuberculosis, and special concerns of mental health.
(3) The Plural City: Emerging Forms of Belonging
Organizers: Sheila Croucher Yngve Georg Lithman, Miami University, United States University of Bergen, Norway
For ethnically diverse cities, are policies that encourage the development of ethnic neighbourhoods effective in creating a positive sense of community-belonging for their residents? To what extent can these policies create cohesive, well-functioning communities? To what extent do they create divided cities that suffer from ethnic conflict?
This two-part workshop will first compare approaches such as immersion and streaming for teaching languages of both host communities and of countries of origin to immigrant students. Secondly it will consider integrated and ethno-specific education systems, and the relative strengths of multicultural, intercultural, anti-racism and civic education approaches. This workshop will establish a network to exchange best practices for integrating immigrant students.
Through the exchange of comparative practical knowledge on local initiatives for social inclusion, including local participatory frameworks, discussions will focus on "best practices" for policy regarding local urban development, modes of local multicultural citizenship and multiethnic inclusion.
(6) Regularising Undocumented Immigrants: Goals and Outcomes of Amnesties
Organizer: Emilio Reyneri, University of Milan Bicocca, Italy, E-mail firstname.lastname@example.org
This workshop will examine how effectively amnesties have met their policy objectives. Analyses of the benefits and harms caused by past practices of various immigrant receiving countries will be used to formulate guidelines for future policies aimed at regularising undocumented immigrants.
(7) The Impact of Diversity in Large Cities: Discrimination in the Media
Organizers: Mario Santillo, Centro de Estudios Migratorios Latinoamericano, Argentina, E-Mail: email@example.com
Victor Abramovich, Defensoría del Pueblo del Gobierno de la Ciudad de Buenos Aires, Argentina, E-Mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
This workshop will explore the role that media depictions of immigrants play in the formulation of public opinion, especially during times of economic and other instability. Participants will produce guidelines to inform future actions aimed at integrating immigrants.
(8) Policies of General Integration, Integration or Non-integration
Organizer: Surrendra Santokhi, City of The Hague, The Netherlands, E-mail: email@example.com
If the goal of integration policies is the full participation of immigrants in society, then which is more effective: a general policy directed at all citizens, a policy that targets a specific group, or no policy at all? A case study will examine a community housing project in The Hague that targets elderly immigrants.
By using recent studies and international comparisons that can inform integration policy in the education system, this workshop will identify best practices for practical policy-research collaboration in decision-making. The goal is to make research on the integration of immigrant youth into the educational system more useful to policy-makers and educators working in this area.
(10) The Labour Market Experiences of Refugees
Baha Abu-Laban University of Alberta, Canada, E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Using international comparisons of the labour market outcomes for refugees of different origins, what factors facilitate or impede the economic integration of refugees into the labour markets of their country of destination? This workshop addresses gendered and comparative labour market outcomes.
(11) Teacher Education for Working with Immigrant Families and Children:
Implications of Current Research
Organizer: Kenise Murphy Kilbride, Ryerson Polytechnic University, Canada, E-mail: Kilbride@acs.ryerson.ca
What does current research tell us about the implications of teacher education and training on the families of immigrant children, the children themselves, and their teachers? This workshop will identify future policy needs for research and will create partnerships for international comparative research projects.
(12) The Impact of Social and Physical Environments on the Health of Migrants
How do the real and perceived health characteristics of mobile populations affect migrants social integration, their capacity to contribute to the communities that receive them, and how receiving societies meet migrants needs? The workshop will focus on the determinants of the health of migrants.
(13) Economic Restructuring and Immigrants
Organizer: Peter S. Li, University of Saskatchewan, Canada, E-mail: Li@Sask.Usask.Ca
What type of immigrants is more likely to be economically successful in the emerging global economic culture and structure? What kind of immigration policy would allow receiving countries to best benefit from the human and cultural capital of immigrants in a changing economy? How does a changing economy affect the life chances of immigrants in receiving societies?
(14) Vocational Rehabilitation for Immigrants in Urban Centers
Boris Kerdimun Nelli Freinkman-Chrustaleva, New York Association for Psychological Support Service for New Americans, United States Immigrants, Germany, E-mail: email@example.com E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
What programs have most successfully led to employment for professional, skilled or business immigrants in their field and thereby benefited both immigrant and host society? The workshop will conduct an analysis of actual cases from a variety of countries.
(15) Citizenship/Civic Education and Identity
How should our schools provide citizenship education so that students practice citizenship and retain a strong sense of identity?
(16) A) Diversity & Justice: Hate-Motivated Crimes, Access & Representation
B) Diversity & Justice: Access and Representation
This two part workshop will focus on two key areas of diversity and justice: hate crime, and access and representation. Each Section will examine available research and data and will then consider past practices as a guide to develop/adapt new approaches in these important justice issues.
(17) International Study of Attitudes Towards Immigration and Settlement (ISATIS)
R. Kalin, Queen's University, Canada, E-mail: email@example.com
ISATIS is an international comparative study of the social climate that immigrants meet on arrival and during the settlement process. A revised survey research instrument and empirical results obtained in Portugal, Israel and Canada will be presented with a view to using this and future public opinion research to inform policies and programmes that will promote a positive social climate for immigration and settlement. Discussions will be aimed at further developing the survey and creating an international network to participate in the project.
(18) Immigrant Entrepreneurship
Organizers: Jan Hjarno Jan Rath South Danish University, Denmark University of Amsterdam, the Netherlands, E-mail firstname.lastname@example.org E-mail email@example.com
Through an examination of how small-scale immigrant entrepreneurship operates in various countries, this workshop will focus on how public and private agencies uphold legal standards with regard to labour conditions, tax regulations and so on, while at the same time encourage immigrant entrepreneurs who provide much needed employment and economic development.
(19) Trade Agreements and Migration
Dougall Aucoin, Citizenship and Immigration Canada, Canada, E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
How might mobility provisions in trade agreements address skills gaps, labour shortages and other human resource pressures? What best-practice mobility provisions in trade agreements can be identified prior to the next round of GATS negotiations? Presenters will introduce case studies including low skill movements from Mexico to the United States, movements into Malaysia, low skill movements into Germany and Spain, high skill movement into Canada, and others. The workshop will provide an ideal venue to build international networks around temporary foreign worker issues.
(20) Trafficking in Women: Balancing Human Rights and Criminal Justice Issues
Organizers: Zeynep Karman Elizabeth Ruddick, Status of Women Canada, Canada Citizenship and Immigration Canada, Canada, E-mail: Hammelln@swc-cfc.gc.ca E-mail: email@example.com
How is trafficking defined? How is trafficking practised? What are the current legal and human rights responses to trafficking? What polices and legislation exist and/or are needed to maintain the human rights of women who are trafficked but who act as witnesses in the prosecution of traffickers? Using experiences from various countries, participants will discuss options for developing policy frameworks that balance human rights and criminal justice responses to the trafficking of women.
(21) Territory and Ethnic Conflict in Global Cities
Organizer: Malcolm Cross, Centre for European Migration and Ethnic Studies, United Kingdom, E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Using a comparative analysis of the city as a forum for ethnic conflict, participants will develop best practices for policy focusing on three main themes: urban disorder; conflict between migrants and minorities as manifest in crime and criminality; and conflicts between migrants/ethnic minorities and majority citizens as manifest in xenophobia and intolerance, such as racial attacks.'
(22) Conjugal Violence and Ethno-Racial Minorities: Enhancing Policy and Practice Initiatives
Organizers: Jacqueline Oxman-Martinez Julia Krane, McGill University, Canada McGill University, Canada, E-mail: Joxman_martinez@hotmail.com E-mail:
What influence have stereotypes of culture, ethnicity and race had on research and policy concerning conjugal violence in relation to ethno-racial minority women and their families? How should we take into account different cultural norms regarding conjugal violence? What impacts have current policies addressing conjugal violence had within ethno-cultural communities?
(23) Global Spaces in Urban Places: The Roots of Substantive Citizenship
Organizers: Myer Siemiatycki John Biles, Ryerson Polytechnic University, Canada Citizenship and Immigration Canada, Canada, E-mail: email@example.com E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
(24) Voluntarism, Diversity and Immigration
This workshops examination of the social integration of immigrants and minority groups through their participation in voluntary organizations will focus on charitable giving, membership in voluntary organizations, and voluntarism among immigrants and minority communities, with a particular emphasis on youth. Given the levels and kinds of voluntarism among immigrants and minority groups and the increased devolution of responsibility by governments in many countries, will the volunteer base be there to assume the responsibilities that are handed down?
(25) Reconciliation and Restorative Justice: Lessons for Multiculturalism
Organizer: Susan Murdock, Department of Canadian Heritage, Canada, E-mail: John_biles@pch.gc.ca
Based on case studies from Canada, the United States, South Africa, and Argentina, participants will examine the extent to which reconciliation and restorative justice models can inform multicultural approaches to diversity with a view to developing a new model designed to inform the research-policy debate around diversity.
(26) The Role of NGO Partnerships in Delivering Services to Immigrants
In critically examining the present partnership arrangements among governments, researchers, and NGOs in the delivery of settlement and integration services for immigrants and refugees, and the relative cost effectiveness of service delivery by these partnerships, participants will address how these partnerships have been constructed, their comparative advantages, and their implications for policy, for NGOs, and for future partnerships.
(27) Social Cohesion and Social Segmentation
What impacts have increasingly diverse and segmented populations had on the development of knowledge-based economies and the social cohesion of societies? For example, to what extent are minorities filling jobs that majority members do not want; what does this tell us about social and economic barriers minorities may face; and to what degree could these developments impede a socially cohesive society? Participants will discuss the degree to which policy can act to create more cohesive societies and the directions such policies should take.
(28) New Cities of Immigration
Organizers: Audrey Singer, Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, United States, E-mail: email@example.com
In exploring the origins and development of diversity in cities, particularly those "new cities" of immigration whose immigrant populations have experienced rapid growth in the last 25 years, participants will discuss how immigrants change metropolitan areas, how programs and policies contribute to the incorporation of immigrants at the local level, and the particular challenges, needs and adaptations that immigrants and resident communities experience in the process of receiving immigrants.
(29) The Resettlement Experience of Immigrant and Refugee Children
Organizer: Morton Beiser, University of Toronto, Canada, E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
What challenges, particularly those of identify-formation, discrimination, and conflicting family and societal values, does a new society pose for immigrant and refugee children? What health risks and opportunities do these challenges create? This workshop will expand a Canadian national collaborative study of immigrant youth into an international collaborative investigation with a view to providing directions for policies and programming guidelines on resettling immigrant youth.
(30) A Needs-based Approach to Settlement Services
Organizer: Elizabeth Gryte, Citizenship and Immigration Canada, Ontario Region, Canada, E-mail: Elizabeth.Gryte@3923rop.cion.cic.x400.gc.ca
To what extent do current settlement service delivery systems, particularly those using culture and language as the major criteria for the allocation of funds, fail to meet settlement needs of newcomers? The workshop will present the findings of four studies of newcomers to Ontario, compare models of settlement service delivery from different countries, and begin to develop a needs-based model of settlement service delivery.
(31) Language Policy and Immigration
Organizer: Yuri Zlatopolsky, Tel Aviv University, Israel, E-mail: email@example.com
Given the coexistence of minority/migrant languages with majority/official languages in many countries, what are the roles and functions of minority languages in society, including in families and education systems? What challenges do these languages pose for language planning and policy?
(32) Gender and Skilled Migration
Organizer: Valerie Preston, York University, Canada, E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
To what extent do gender differences in skilled migration exist and of what significance are they? In what ways does knowledge of the experiences and contributions of skilled female migrants enhance our understanding of contemporary migration and allow for more effective integration policy? The workshop will consider examples such as the links between the private household and participation in the economy for, among others, Caribbean nurses migrating to Canada and the United States.
(33) Welcome Policy
Organizer: Zaïr Kédadouche, Inspection générale des affaires sociales, France, E-mail: email@example.com
What ethical considerations motivate the act of welcoming and how are these translated into welcome policy and practice? What actors are involved in defining welcome policies and what challenges do they face? What impact does location and timing have on welcoming? What role does the learning of the language and culture of the host country play in the immigrant experience?
Housing and Neighbourhood Conditions of Immigrants: Progress and Constraints
A) Homeownership Attainment Patterns Across Immigrant Groups
B) Housing and Neighbourhood Conditions and Choices of Immigrants
Two workshops comprising four sessions will examine the housing and neighborhood conditions and housing market progress of immigrants. The workshops will also explore housing market barriers faced by immigrants and responses of the housing industry to growing market diversity.
(36) Second Generation Prospects
Organizer: Roger Waldinger, Univeristy of California at Los Angeles, United States, E-mail: Waldinge@soc.ucla.edu
This panel will involve academics, policy makers and NGOs from the United States, Canada and Europe in a comparative discussion of the segmented assimilation hypothesis of scholars studying the outcomes facing the second generation.
(37) Ethnic Economies, Enclaves and Niches
Organizer: Roger Waldinger, Univeristy of California at Los Angeles, United States, E-mail: Waldinge@soc.ucla.edu
This panel will examine the ways in which the social structure of ethnic communities and populations influence their economic activities. It will underline similarities and differences among groups and across countries.
(38) Immigrants in an Era of Inequality
Organizer: Roger Waldinger, Univeristy of California at Los Angeles, United States, E-mail: Waldinge@soc.ucla.edu
Participants will assess the changes in the employment success of immigrants in light of the new forms of inequality that have emerged around the world over the last two decades. They will consider the nature of structural change across countries and examine whether these changes have had differential impacts on different groups.
Accommodations have been arranged at the following hotels for Monday, December 6 through Sunday, December 12. The Latham Hotel and the Georgetown Inn are a short walk to the Conference Center.
Please contact your hotel of choice and identify yourself as a Metropolis Conference Participant to receive the group rate. Reservations must be made by November 15, 1999 to guarantee the group rate. After that date, overnight accommodations will be offered on a space available/rate available basis. A list of other accommodations in the area are available from Yasmin Santiago at International Migration Policy Program, Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, fax: (202) 332-0945, E-mail firstname.lastname@example.org.
Rates (per night)
For further information, or if you have any questions, please E-mail the conference organizers at Metropolis@ceip.org